Do You Know ?
When the hindustan was still hindustan and the partition was not still done, annum income of Hafizabad just from Rice was 1.5 Crore. Peshwar, Agra , Mithra, Calcutta , Karachi , and Sukker were the main clients of Hafizabad. Up to 23 rice mills were there until the partition of Hindustan , the main rice mills were Sohna Mill, Shri Haweli Ram Des Mills, Sardar Sundar Mills , Doctor Manohar Lal Rice Mills, Rajindar Nath Mills , Seeta Raam Mills, Mela Raam Bhagwan Rice Mills, Jeeram Daas Mills , Baily Raam Rice Mills and others.
For the first time railway line was done from Wazirabad to Hafizabad,and for the first time the train came to Hafizabad from Wazirabad on 15 August 1895. Then next step was taken to construct the railway line from Hafizabad to Sangla Hill Junction and this section was started on 1st January 1896. From Sangla Hill to Faisalabad Section ( Railway Line ) was started on 15 February 1896. Up to Toba Tek Singh and Khanewal , railway line section was completed on 23 December 1899 and 16 April 1900 respectively.
Rice occupies 2.5 million hectare that is 10.9% of the total cultivated area with production of 5.1 million tonnes of milled rice . In Pakistan’s agrarian economy rice plays multifarious roles. Firstly, it is second staple food and contributes more than 2 million tonnes to our national food requirement. Secondly, rice industry is an important source of employment and income for rural people. Thirdly, it contributes in the country’s foreign exchange exchequer. For instance, during 1999-2000 about 2 million tonnes rice of worth 26 billion rupees was exported. The barter trade on Afghanistan border was in addition to this export. The significance of this commodity in our economy is evident from the above facts. Therefore, it is imperative to focus on the efforts needed to further improve its competitiveness in the international market.
In Pakistan, rice is grown under diverse climatic and edaphic conditions. Basmati predominates in traditional rice tracts of Punjab (zone 2). In Swat (zone 1) at high altitude mountain valleys, temperate Japonica rices are grown. In the South of NWFP, Sindh and Balochistan (zones 3 and 4) IRRI type long grain heat tolerant tropical rices are grown.
Over a period of time many new schools and colleges have been established in the district and the overall education standard has improved. Recently a new school system has emerged with the name Centurion which is a great milestone in the field of education. Among all the educationists Maj(r)Hasan Raza Awan has worked tremendously to raise the standard of education in the area. The largest enrolment ratio of the Punjab is in Hafizabad and Rawalpindi. Literacy rate is 64% in males and 44% among females.